Balancing work and home: How job and home demands are related to burnout

M.C.W. Peeters, A.J. Montgomery, A.B. Bakker, W.B. Schaufeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

310 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the present study was to make a clear distinction between work and home domains in the explanation of burnout. First, a 3-factor structure of job and home demands was hypothesized, consisting of quantitative demands, emotional demands, and mental demands. Next, a model was tested that delineates how demands in both life domains are related to occupational burnout through work-home interference (WHI) and home-work interference (HWI). In doing so, the partial mediating role of WHI and HWI was examined. Consistent with hypotheses, empirical support was found for the 3-factor structure of both job and home demands as well as for the partial mediating effects of both WHI and HWI. Job demands and home demands appeared to have a direct and indirect effect (through WHI and HWI, respectively) on burnout.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-61
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


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