Bamboo fiber strengthened poly(lactic acid) composites with enhanced interfacial compatibility through a multi-layered coating of synergistic treatment strategy

Binqi Fei, Dawei Wang, Najla AlMasoud, Haiyan Yang, Jing Yang, Taghrid S. Alomar, Buapan Puangsin, Ben Bin Xu, Hassan Algadi, Zeinhom M. El-Bahy, Zhanhu Guo, Zhengjun Shi

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In this study, a mild and eco-friendly synergistic treatment strategy was investigated to improve the interfacial compatibility of bamboo fibers with poly(lactic acid). The characterization results in terms of the chemical structure, surface morphology, thermal properties, and water resistance properties demonstrated a homogeneous dispersion and excellent interfacial compatibility of the treated composites. The excellent interfacial compatibility is due to multi-layered coating of bamboo fibers using synergistic treatment involving dilute alkali pretreatment, polydopamine coating and silane coupling agent modification. The composites obtained using the proposed synergistic treatment strategy exhibited excellent mechanical properties. Optimal mechanical properties were observed for composites with synergistically treated bamboo fiber mass proportion of 20%. The tensile strength, elongation at break and tensile modulus of the treated composites were increased by 63.06%, 183.04% and 259.04%, respectively, compared to the untreated composites. This synergistic treatment strategy and the remarkable performance of the treated composites have a wide range of applicability in bio-composites (such as industrial packaging, automotive lightweight interiors, and consumer goods).
Original languageEnglish
Article number126018
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Early online date28 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2023

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