Bio-inspired plasmonic leaf for enhanced light-matter interactions

Changxu Liu*, Peng Mao*, Qinghua Guo, Min Han, Shuang Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The mathematical concept of fractals is widely applied to photonics as planar structures ranging from terahertz resonators, optical antennas, to photodetectors. Here, instead of a direct mathematical abstract, we design a plasmonic leaf with fractal geometry from the outline of a leaf from Wargrave Pink. The enhanced light-matter interactions are observed numerically from the improvement in both absorption and near-field intensification. To demonstrate the effect experimentally, a three-dimensional fractal structure is realised through direct laser writing, which significantly improves the photothermal conversion. By virtue of the self-similarity in geometry, the artificial leaf improves the absorption of a 10-nm-thick gold film with 14 ×  temperature increment compared to flat Au film. Not limited to the proof-of-concept photothermal experiment demonstrated here, the fractal structure with improved light-matter interactions can be utilised in a variety of applications ranging from non-linear harmonic generation, plasmonic-enhanced fluorescence, to hot electron generation for photocatalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1298
Number of pages8
JournalNanophotonics
Volume8
Issue number7
Early online date29 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

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