Bioengineered exosomal-membrane-camouflaged abiotic nanocarriers: neurodegenerative diseases, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine

Daniela Lopes, Joana Lopes, Miguel Pereira-Silva, Diana Peixoto, Navid Rabiee, Francisco Veiga, Omid Moradi, Zhanhu Guo, Xiang-Dong Wang*, João Conde, Pooyan Makvandi*, Ana Cláudia Paiva-Santos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)


A bio-inspired strategy has recently been developed for camouflaging nanocarriers with biomembranes, such as natural cell membranes or subcellular structure-derived membranes. This strategy endows cloaked nanomaterials with improved interfacial properties, superior cell targeting, immune evasion potential, and prolonged duration of systemic circulation. Here, we summarize recent advances in the production and application of exosomal membrane-coated nanomaterials. The structure, properties, and manner in which exosomes communicate with cells are first reviewed. This is followed by a discussion of the types of exosomes and their fabrication methods. We then discuss the applications of biomimetic exosomes and membrane-cloaked nanocarriers in tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, imaging, and the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Finally, we appraise the current challenges associated with the clinical translation of biomimetic exosomal membrane-surface-engineered nanovehicles and evaluate the future of this technology.
Original languageEnglish
Article number19
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalMilitary Medical Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2023

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