Bipolar Vulnerability and Extreme Appraisals Of Internal States: A Computerized Ratings Study

Alyson Dodd, Warren Mansell, Anthony Morrison, Sara Tai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A recent integrative cognitive model proposed that multiple, extreme, personalized, positive and negative appraisals of internal states predispose to maintain and exacerbate bipolar symptoms. This study aimed to directly assess conviction in a range of positive and negative appraisals of internal states suggested by the model, by using a laboratory-based computerized task. In a student sample (n = 68), a history of hypomania was associated with more positive and less negative appraisals of internal states, and a history of depression was associated with more negative appraisals and less positive appraisals of internal states. The sample was then split into three groups for comparison: bipolar risk (n = 18), depression risk (n = 20) and controls (n = 30). Relative to controls, the bipolar risk group made more extreme ratings of catastrophic appraisals of low activation states and tended to make more extreme ratings of appraisals of high activation states. The depression risk group scored higher on a range of negative appraisals of low activation states. These findings provide tentative support for the role of both positive and negative, extreme, personalized appraisals of internal states in hypomania and depression.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-396
JournalClinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Volume18
Issue number5
Early online date2 Sep 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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