Building a Globally Optimized Computational Intelligent Image Processing Algorithm for On-Site Inference of Nitrogen in Plants

Susanto B. Sulistyo, W. L. Woo, S. S. Dlay, Bin Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Estimating nutrient content in plants is a very crucial task in the application of precision farming. This work will be more challenging if it is conducted nondestructively based on plant images captured on field due to the variation of lighting conditions. This paper proposes a computational intelligence image processing to analyze nitrogen status in wheat plants. We developed an ensemble of deep learning multilayer perceptron (DL-MLP) which was fused by committee machines for color normalization and image segmentation using the 24-patch Macbeth color checker as the color reference. This paper also focuses on building a genetic algorithm based global optimization to fine tune the color normalization and nitrogen estimation results. In our experiments, we discovered that the developed DL-MLP and global optimization can successfully normalize plant images by reducing color variabilities compared to other color normalization methods. Furthermore, this algorithm is able to enhance the nitrogen estimation results compared to other non-global optimization methods as well as the most renowned SPAD meter based nitrogen measurement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-26
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Intelligent Systems
Volume33
Issue number3
Early online date12 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

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