Can sit-to-stand muscle power explain the ability to perform functional tasks in adults with severe obesity?

Sam Orange, Phil Marshall, Leigh Madden, Rebecca Vince

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between sit-to-stand (STS) power and physical function in adults with severe obesity. Thirty-eight adults (age: 44 ± 12 years; body mass index [BMI]: 45.2 ± 7.8 kg/m2) completed evaluations of STS power, strength and functional performance. STS power was measured with a wearable inertial sensor, strength was assessed with the isometric mid-thigh pull, and function was measured with the timed up-and-go (TUG), six-minute walk test (6MWT) and 30-s chair STS. Power and strength (normalised to body mass) entered regression models in addition to age, gender, BMI and physical activity (daily step count). Power displayed large univariate associations with TUG (r = 0.50) and 30-s chair STS (r = 0.67), and a moderate association with 6MWT (r = 0.49). Forward stepwise regression revealed that power independently contributed to TUG (β = -0.40, p = 0.010), 30-s chair STS (β = 0.67, p < 0.001) and 6MWT performance (β = 0.27, p = 0.007). Power also appeared to be a superior determinant of function compared with strength. Power generated via the STS transfer largely underpins the ability to perform functional tasks in adults with severe obesity, although intervention studies are required to investigate a potentially causal relationship.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1227-1234
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume37
Issue number11
Early online date5 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2019

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