Catching up with tetrazines: coordination of Re(i) to 1,2,4-triazine facilitates an inverse electron demand Diels–Alder reaction with strained alkynes to a greater extent than in corresponding 1,2,4,5-tetrazines

Mark Sims, Sotiris Kyriakou, Aidan Matthews, Michael E. Deary, Valery N. Kozhevnikov*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Inverse electron demand Diels Alder (IEDDA) reactions of 1,2,4-triazines are of interest to biorthogonal chemistry but suffer from slow kinetics. It is shown here that coordination of Re(I) to a 1,2,4-triazine ring speeds up the IEDDA reaction with bicyclooctyne (BCN) by a factor of 55. Comparative analysis with corresponding 1,2,4,5-tetrazine analogues reveals that the origin of the increased reactivity is markedly different and more profound than in tetrazine analogues. DFT calculations and subsequent analysis indicated the greater increase for the triazine than the tetrazines on coordination could be attributed to the triazine's lower distortion energy and more favourable interaction energy for the triazine, the latter attributable to lower Pauli repulsion than the tetrazines rather than to favourable frontier orbital energies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10927-10932
Number of pages6
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number31
Early online date19 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2023

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