Cell-based therapies for the treatment of sports injuries of the upper limb

Kwaku Baryeh, Vipin Asopa, Nardeen Kader, Nick Caplan, Nicola Maffulli*, Deiary Kader

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction: The use of cell-based therapies in the management of sports injuries of the upper limb is increasingly popular despite the limited scientific evidence available for their use. We aim to evaluate the evidence for the use of cell-based therapies in these injuries and recommend areas for further research.

Areas covered: In accordance with a published protocol (PROSPERO; Registration No. CRD42020193258), a comprehensive search of the literature was performed using the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from inception to June 2020. All human studies reporting on the clinical, histological, or radiological outcomes following the use of cell-based therapies in the management of epicondylitis or rotator cuff pathology were included in this study. This resulted in 22 studies being included in this review, all of which underwent risk of bias assessments.

Expert opinion: The evidence for the use of cell-based therapies in upper limb sports injuries is limited and generally of low quality. Given the heterogeneity in the cell types used, their harvesting methods and cell amounts, future research should be targeted at developing standardization of the reporting of these studies and more direct comparative studies looking at the efficacy of the different cell types.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalExpert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Early online date31 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 May 2021

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