Centre-to-limb variations in coronal hole and quiet sun regions obtained with IRIS spectroscopic observations

Pradeep Kayshap*, Peter R. Young

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The center-to-limb variations (CLV) of Gaussian fit parameters of the transition region Si IV 1402.77 Å spectral line in quiet Sun (QS) and coronal hole (CH) regions are presented. The results are derived from a full-disk mosaic scan obtained by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph on 24 September 2017. The CLV for a CH transition region line has not previously been reported, and the parameters are found to show variations consistent with the QS. The intensity increases towards the limb, consistent with an increasing plasma column depth due to line-of-sight effects. The Doppler velocity is normalized to be zero at the limb for both QS and CH and increases to +4.8 km s−1 (redshift) at disk center for CH and +5.2 km s−1 for QS. Non-thermal broadening in the CH decreases from a maximum of 24 km s−1 at the limb to 10 km s−1 at disk center. For QS the broadening decreases from 25 km s−1 at the limb to 14 km s−1 at disk center. Both Doppler velocities and non-thermal velocities vary linearly with cos  θ, where θ is the heliocentric angle. The QS results for both parameters are consistent with earlier work.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberstad2761
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Early online date12 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes

Cite this