Challenging Parenting Behaviour and Anxiety Disorders in Emerging Adulthood

Wai Ting Chan, Kelly Tsz Ching Wong, Laura H. Clark*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Challenging parenting behaviour (CPB) refers to parental encouragement of behaviours where children push their own limits through engaging them in safe risks, such as rough-and-tumble play (Bögels and Phares, 2008). Preliminary evidence suggests that CPB reduces the risk of child anxiety, however, little is known about the relationship between CPB and specific forms of anxiety disorders and factors that influence this relationship. The present study aims to examine current maternal and paternal CPB in relation to symptoms of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) in emerging adulthood, and to identify if Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) and Cognitive Avoidance (CA) sequentially mediate this relationship. A sample of 190 UK-based adults (aged 18-25) completed a battery of online self-report measures. Greater maternal, but not paternal, CPB was found to predict lower symptoms of SAD, but not GAD. IU and CA did not sequentially mediate the relationship between IU and symptoms of GAD or SAD. This study suggests that CPB may be associated with certain forms of anxiety disorder such as SAD, but further investigation is needed to understand the mechanisms between CPD and anxiety in young people.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 Aug 2022


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