Characterisation of in-situ thermally evaporated CdS/CdTe thin film solar cells with Ni-P back contacts

S. Duke, Robert Miles, P. Pande, S. Spoor, B. Ghosh, Psantu Datta, M. J. Carter, Robert Hill

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    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    CdS/CdTe thin film solar cells have been produced using the in-situ thermal evaporation of CdS followed by CdTe onto SnO 2 coated glass substrates and a novel contact material, Ni-P, used to make contact to the p-CdTe. The specific contact resistivity of this contact to p-CdTe was found to be reduced to 0.08-0.01 Ω · cm 2 for an optimum annealing temperature of 250°C, the behaviour corresponding to a reduction in the percent of P in the Ni-P contact and an increase in photocurrent for illuminated CdS/CdTe/Ni-P solar cells. Photocapacitance data for such solar cells depended strongly on whether or not the devices had been given a CdCl 2 heat treatment prior to contact formation, the heat treatment eliminating deep states within the CdTe. Shallow levels with depths of 0.10, 0.21 and 0.38 eV were observed for the untreated samples and shallow levels with depths of 0.04, 0.08, 0.15 and 0.21 eV for the CdCl 2 treated samples.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)916-919
    JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
    Volume159
    Issue number1-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996

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