Chemical composition, pharmacodynamic activity of processed Aconitum brachypodum Diels., and molecular docking analysis of its active target

Yanfei Niu, Xiaohui Li, Chunhua Wu*, Zhengjun Shi, Xu Lin, Mohamed H. Helal*, Ola A. Abu Ali, Hassan Algadi, Ben Bin Xu, Zhe Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Aconitum Brachypodum Diels. (AB) is a plant of Aconitum L. The dried roots of AB have analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity. However, the processing is required to reduce toxicity before use because of its high toxicity. Studies on the toxicity, pharmacodynamics, and chemical composition of processed Aconitum Brachypodum Diels. (PAB) are still lacking at present. In this study, the composition changes of AB and PAB were determined by UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS. The intensity of diester alkaloids was greatly reduced, while the monoester alkaloids were significantly increased. An acute toxicity experiment was used to evaluate the toxicity differences between AB and PAB, while the acetic acid-induced writhing pain experiment and croton oil-induced ear edema experiment were applied to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. The acute toxicity test of AB showed that the median lethal dose (LD50) was 1.37 g / kg, while the maximal feasible dose (MFD) of PAB was 30.0 g/kg. It was apparent that the toxicity of PAB was significantly reduced. The alkaloid component of PAB could significantly inhibit the mice’s ear edema and significantly reduce the writhing times of mice. Based on the above findings, 10 compounds, including songoramine (1), neoline (2), bullatine C (3), dihydroatisine (4), bullatine
A (5), maltol (6), 15-O-acetylsongorine (7), 15-O-acetylsongoramine (8), songorine (9), and aldohypaconitine (10) were isolated and identified from the alkaloid component of PAB. Compounds 4, 6, 8, and 10 were firstly separate from Aconitum. Finally, molecular docking to anti-inflammatory analgesic target protein was carried out. The results showed that the 10 compounds and target proteins had good binding capabilities, wherein 15-O-acetylsongoramine could interact with the key protein Akt1 of Pi3k-Akt pathway and adjust the downstream NF-κB critical pathway to play an anti-inflammatory analgesic effect.
Original languageEnglish
Article number75
JournalAdvanced Composites and Hybrid Materials
Issue number2
Early online date25 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


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