China’s strategic approach to elite sport development: Past, present and future

Jinming Zheng

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Abstract

The Olympic Games are a dynamic competitive environment for nations to compete in. This dynamic is characterised by an increase of nations competing and winning medals, as well as nations increasing their investment in high performance sport. These dynamics are described in the literature as an ongoing global sporting arms race between nations.

Nations are challenged to adopt to this competitive environment and to manage their high performance sport system accordingly. Within the national system, the National Sports Agency (NSA) is the leading decision- making organisation on the national level of sports, or high performance sport in particular. Working together with other governmental, non-profit and for-profit organisations of a national elite sport system these hybrid or non-governmental organisations are responsible for, among other things, the allocation of (financial) resources to the different sports, which are supported on the national level. The NSAs generally aim at increasing (or at least stabilising) their medal success at the Olympic Games and possibly build a competitive advantage in the longer run.

Dr. Zheng (Hong Kong Baptist University) presents the strategic approach of China notably increasing its success at both, the Olympic Summer and Winter Games. China has shown an incredible increase of Olympic success since the Olympic Glory Plan has been introduced in the 1990s. The Chinese Ministry of Sports applies a strategy summed up by the ’Five-Word principle’, i.e. Small, Fast, Women, Water and Agile.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
Event25th Annual Conference of the European Association for Sport Management - University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Duration: 1 Sep 20178 Sep 2017
https://www.easm2017.com/index.html

Conference

Conference25th Annual Conference of the European Association for Sport Management
Abbreviated titleEASM 2017
CountrySwitzerland
CityBern
Period1/09/178/09/17
Internet address

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