Co-designing for behaviour change: The development of a theory-informed oral-care intervention for stroke survivors

Matthew Lievesley*, Rachael Powell, Daniel Carey, Sharon Hulme, Wendy Westoby, Lucy O'Malley, Jess Zadik, Audrey Bowen, Paul Brocklehurst, Craig Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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This article discusses how research to understand the oral care needs and experiences of stroke survivors was translated into a prototypical intervention. It addresses the challenge of how to develop service improvements in healthcare settings that are both person-centred, through the use of co-design, and also based on theory and evidence.

A sequence of co-design workshops with stroke survivors, family carers and with health and social care professionals, ran in parallel with an analysis of behavioural factors. This determined key actions which could improve mouthcare for this community and identified opportunities to integrate recognised behaviour-change techniques into the intervention. In this way, behaviour change theory, evidence from qualitative research and experience-based co-design were effectively combined.

The intervention proposed is predominantly a patient-facing resource, intended to support stroke-survivors and their carers with mouth care, as they transition from hospital care to living at home. This addresses a gap in existing provision, as other published oral-care protocols for stroke are clinician-facing and concerned primarily with acute care (in the first days after a stroke).

Although it draws on the experiences of a single design project, this study articulates a ‘working relationship’ between design practice methods and the application of behaviour change theory
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-243
Number of pages23
JournalDesign for Health
Issue number2
Early online date21 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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