Cocoa Pod Husk: A High‐Pectin Source with Applications in the Food and Biomedical Fields

Yeison Fernando Barrios‐Rodríguez, Karen Tatiana Salas‐Calderón, Dayana Alejandra Orozco‐Blanco, Piergiorgio Gentile*, Joel Girón‐Hernández*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
81 Downloads (Pure)


Cocoa liquor, butter, and powder represent derived products from a small portion of the fruits, compared with the cocoa pod husk (CPH) which accounts for ∼ 70 % of fresh weight. CPH, improperly disposed in plantations, can cause diseases threatening worldwide chocolate production. However, this biomass can be a potential source of bioactive compounds aligned with the circular economy. An overview on the different methods for extracting pectin, resulting in variable extraction yields with a critical discussion on the obtained physicochemical characteristics, is presented. Additionally, the potential applications of the extracted pectin for food and biomedical application are discussed, including thickener, stabilizer, excipient, drug-release modifier, macrophage activator, etc. Despite these potential outputs, new extraction methods need to be considered for improving efficiency and sustainability. Finally, potential approaches are introduced that can help to minimize the environmental impact, making the extraction cost- and time-efficient, and, therefore, more sustainable for a further successful translation to industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-474
Number of pages13
JournalChemBioEng Reviews
Issue number5
Early online date16 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022


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