The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility of non-invasive, ultrasound-derived wave intensity (WI) in humans at the common carotid artery. Common carotid artery diameter and blood velocity of 12 healthy young participants were recorded at rest and during mild cycling, to assess peak diameter, change in diameter, peak velocity, change in velocity, time derivatives, non-invasive wave speed and WI. Diameter, velocity and WI parameters were fairly reproducible. Diameter variables exhibited higher reproducibility than corresponding velocity variables (intra-class correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.79 vs. 0.73) and lower dispersion (coefficient of variation [CV] = 5% vs. 9%). Wave speed had fair reproducibility (ICC = 0.6, CV = 16%). WI energy variables exhibited higher reproducibility than corresponding peaks (ICC = 0.78 vs. 0.74) and lower dispersion (CV = 16% vs. 18%). The majority of variables had higher ICCs and lower CVs during exercise. We conclude that non-invasive WI analysis is reliable both at rest and during exercise.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|Early online date||23 Feb 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2017|