Comparative analysis of milling time on the particle sizes of coal fly ash and wood fly ash using Otsu Method for thresholding

O. M. Ikumapayi*, E. T. Akinlabi, P. A. Adedeji, S. A. Akinlabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


South Africa remains one of the countries with an abundance of coal fly ash (CFA) emerging from her abundant coal deposit. Despite the hazardous and environmental unfriendliness of fly ash, so many benefits can be derived therein. With new policies of waste-to-wealth, the country seeks ways by which this resource could be of value addition. However, CFA in its raw form often requires further milling operation to enhance suitability for the intended use. This study investigated the effect of milling time on the particle size of CFA and wood fly ash (WFA) using image segmentation. Both CFA and WFA received at micro-sized particles were washed with distilled water to remove impurities and dried in the oven at 80°C for 48 hours then sieved using 75μm size. Microstructural images of both CFA and WFA milled at varying times (t = 0, 20, 40, 60 minutes) were morphologically and physiochemically analysed using scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), and X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF). SEM images of CFA and WFA were segmented using Otsu thresholding technique and average particle sizes were estimated. CFA contains a higher composition of Al2O3 (30.93%) and SiO2 (51.43%) compared to WFA, which has 10.70% and 46.31% respectively. However, WFA contains more of Fe2O3 (17.28%) than CFA (2.29%). The number of particle size increased with increases in milling time while the particle area decreased with an increase in milling time. At a 95% confidence interval, there exists a significant difference between results obtained at different milling time. Also, a significant difference exists between the mean particle diameters of the two ash sources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042075
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Engineering for Sustainable World, ICESW 2019 - Ota, Nigeria
Duration: 3 Jul 20198 Jul 2019

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