Comparison of I-vector and GMM-UBM Approaches to Speaker Identification with TIMIT and NIST 2008 Databases in Challenging Environments

Musab T. S. Al-Kaltakchi, Wai L. Woo, Satnam S. Dlay, Jonathon A. Chambers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, two models, the I-vector and the Gaussian Mixture Model-Universal Background Model (GMM-UBM), are compared for the speaker identification task. Four feature combinations of I-vectors with seven fusion techniques are considered: maximum, mean, weighted sum, cumulative, interleaving and concatenated for both two and four features. In addition, an Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) is exploited to identify speakers, and then Speaker Identification Accuracy (SIA) is calculated. Both systems are evaluated for 120 speakers from the TIMIT and NIST 2008 databases for clean speech. Furthermore, a comprehensive evaluation is made under Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) conditions and with three types of Non Stationary Noise (NSN), both with and without handset effects for the TIMIT database. The results show that the I-vector approach is better than the GMM-UBM for both clean and AWGN conditions without a handset. However, the GMM-UBM had better accuracy for NSN types.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 25th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO)
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9928626-7-1
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-0751-0
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2017

Publication series

ISSN (Print)2076-1465

Cite this