Configured Knitting: Grafting as an assembly process for knitted architecture

Elizabeth Gaston, Jane Scott*, Armand Agraviador

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


There is a growing interest in knit as a material system for architectural research in a workflow that integrates computation and digital fabrication in the design and specification of highly engineered fabrics. However, the dimensional limitations of industrial machines mean that large scale work may require assembly from multiple pieces. Reconfiguring knitted fabric by joining fabric panels disrupts the performance of the material, challenging the computational model when fabric characteristics are transformed at the seams.The aim of this research is to evaluate the potential for grafting, a traditional joining method for knitted fabric, as an assembly technique for architectural scale knitted prototypes. The paper presents an overview of knitted loop geometry focusing on the impact of loop construction in textile joins. The paper presents experimental research conducted using unconventional off-machine techniques at two scales, demonstrating how grafting can be used to assemble 3D structures without compromising the integrity of the material. Findings highlight the significance of this technique and suggest how the work could translate to digital fabrication.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings The 39th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe: eCAADe 2021 Towards a New, Configurable Architecture
EditorsVesna Stojaković, Bojan Tepavčević
Place of PublicationNovi Sad
PublisherEducation and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9789491207235
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2021
EventeCAADe 2021 -
Duration: 8 Sep 2021 → …


ConferenceeCAADe 2021
Period8/09/21 → …


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