We discuss the problem of random measurement error in two variables when using a cross-lagged panel design. We apply the problem to the question of the causal direction between socio-economic status and subjective health, known also as health selection versus social causation. We plot the bias of the ratio between the social causation and the health selection coefficient as a function of the degree of measurement error in subjective health and socio-economic status for different scenarios which might occur in practice. Using simulated data we give an example of a Bayesian model for the treatment of measurement error that relies on external information about the degree of measurement error.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A: Statistics in Society|
|Early online date||15 Sept 2015|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2016|