The rapid advancement of technologies is one key factor propelling the current pace of global business. Technology is also playing an undeniable role in driving business opportunities and growth in developing countries. In this context, Africa is emerging at the forefront in contemporary debates about the adoption and adaptation of new and old technologies. Despite these developments, there is limited research on how emerging technologies have influenced contemporary challenges and opportunities with respect to businesses in Africa. This special issue sought to elicit insightful articles that reveal how technology development, adoption and adaptation are shaping businesses in Africa.