Controlled Interfacial Reactions and Superior Mechanical Properties of High Energy Ball Milled/Spark Plasma Sintered Ti–6Al–4V–Graphene Composite

Yue Zhou, Longlong Dong, Qinghao Yang, Wangtu Huo, Yongqing Fu, Jiashi Yu, Yue Liu, Yusheng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ball milling process has become one of the effective methods for dispersing graphene nanoplates (GNPs) uniformly into matrix; however, there are often serious issues of structural integrity and interfacial reactions of GNPs with matrix. Herein, GNPs/Ti‐6Al‐4V (GNPs/TC4) composites are synthesized using high energy ball milling (HEBM) and spark plasma sintering. Effects of ball milling on microstructural evolution and interfacial reactions of GNPs/TC4 composite powders during HEBM are investigated. As ball milling time increase, particles size of TC4 is first increased (e.g., ≈104.15 μm, 5 h), but then decreased to ≈1.5 μm (15 h), which is much smaller than that of original TC4 powders (≈86.8 μm). TiC phases are in situ formed on the surfaces of TC4 particles when ball milling time is 10Thinsp;h. GNPs/TC4 composites exhibit 36–103% increase in compressive yield strength and 57–78% increase in hardness than those of TC4 alloy, whereas the ductility is reduced from 28% to 7% with an increase of ball milling time (from 2 to 15 h). A good balance between high strength (1.9 GPa) and ductility (17%) of GNPs/TC4 composites is achieved when the ball milling time is 10 h, attributing to the synergistic effects of grain refinement strengthening, solid solution strengthening, and load transfer strengthening from GNPs and in situ formed TiC.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2001411
Number of pages13
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Volume23
Issue number6
Early online date17 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

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