Coping strategies of family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia in Iran: A cross-sectional survey

Farnaz Rahmani*, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Mina Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Sajjad Razavi, Geoffrey L. Dickens, Maryam Vahidi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to identify coping strategies used by family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and their determinants. Methods: This was a descriptive correlational study. Participants were 225 family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia who were referred to the psychiatric clinic at one large teaching referral hospital in Iran. They were selected through purposive sampling method. Data collection tools were demographic and clinical data form, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) and the Family Coping Questionnaire (FCQ). Results: The score of caregiver burden was 65.14 ± 9.17. Of 225 family caregivers, 23.11% used an avoiding coping strategy. There was a significant relationship between caregiver burden and coping strategies (P < 0.001). The regression model showed that adaptive coping strategies were significantly associated with some demographic characteristics including age, education level, gender, employment status, losing the job because of caregiving responsibilities, perceived income adequacy, duration of illness, duration of caregiving and caregiver burden (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia experience a high level of burden, which can put them at risk of using maladaptive coping strategies. Mental health professionals should plan programs that support both family caregivers and patients in clinical and community settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-153
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
Early online date8 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

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