Corporate Social Responsibility and Tax Avoidance: The Effect of Shareholding Structure - Evidence from the UK

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Abstract

During their 47th G7 summit in June 2021, the largest economies agreed to combat tax evasion. This paper investigates tax avoidance phenomenon by examining the possible moderation effect of shareholding structure (internal and external shareholdings), as a corporate governance mechanism, on the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and tax avoidance. Using a sample of FTSE350 non-financial listed firms from 2002 to 2016, I find that institutional shareholding dampens the positive relationship between firms’ social responsibility and tax citizenship. However, the association between corporate social and tax citizenship is magnified for firms with entrenched managerial shareholding. The empirical findings inform tax policymakers and regulators about the need to consider the corporate shareholding structure that magnifies/dampens the tax avoidance risk. Generally, the findings hold for alternative measures of tax avoidance and CSR commitment, Two-Stage Least Squares and Tobit regressions, and additional control variables.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Disclosure and Governance
Volume21
Issue number1
Early online date9 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2024

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