Methods: Athletes (12,526; 66% male; 142 countries) completed an online survey (May–July 2020) assessing knowledge, beliefs, and practices toward training. Sports were classified as Team sports (45%), Endurance (20%), Power/technical (10%), Combat (9%), Aquatic (6%), Recreational (4%), Racquet (3%), Precision (2%), Parasports (1%), and Others (1%). Further analysis by sex was performed.
Results: During lockdown, athletes practiced bodyweight-based exercises routinely (67% females and 64% males), ranging from 50% (Precision) to 78% (Parasports). More sport-specific technical skills were performed in Combat, Parasports, and Precision (∼50%) than other sports (∼35%).Most athletes (range: 50% [Parasports] to 75%[Endurance]) performed cardiorespiratory training (trivial sex differences). Compared to prelockdown, perceived training intensity was reduced by 29% to 41%, depending on sport (largest decline: ∼38% in Team sports, unaffected by sex). Some athletes (range: 7%–49%) maintained their training intensity for strength, endurance, speed, plyometric, change of direction, and technical training. Athletes who previously trained ≥5 sessions per week reduced their volume (range: 18%–28%) during lockdown. The proportion of athletes (81%) training ≥60 min/ session reduced by 31% to 43% during lockdown. Males and females had comparable moderate levels of training knowledge (56% vs 58%) and beliefs/attitudes (54% vs 56%).
Conclusions: Changes in athletes’ training practices were sport-specific, with little-to-no sex differences. Team-based sports were generally more susceptible to changes than individual sports. Policy makers should provide athletes with educational resources to facilitate remote and/or home-based training during lockdown type events.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 28 Apr 2022|