AIM: Gaining weight has been directly associated with an increased probability of developing high blood pressure (HBP) and metabolic abnormalities. We examined the independent and combined effects of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity on blood pressure in adolescents.
METHODS: This cross-sectional school-based study evaluated 869 adolescents (53.4% girls) from 14 to 19 years of age, and the data were collected in 2013 in the city of Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brazil. The outcome was HBP. The independent variables were overweight and obesity classified by body mass index, abdominal obesity classified by the waist-to-height ratio and the combination of obesity and overweight and abdominal obesity. The potential confounding variables were age, the socio-economic status of the family, parental education, type of school and physical activity levels.
RESULTS: The prevalence ratios of HBP were higher when male and female adolescents were overweight (1.61-3.11), generally obese (3.20-4.70), had abdominal obesity (2.18-3.02) and were both generally obese and had abdominal obesity (3.28-5.16) compared with normal weight adolescents.
CONCLUSION: Obesity or abdominal obesity increased the risk of HBP in adolescents aged 14-19. However, adolescents who were both generally obese and had abdominal obesity showed an even higher risk of having HBP.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics|
|Early online date||5 Jan 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2017|