Cross-sectional, school-based study of 14-19 year olds showed that raised blood pressure was associated with obesity and abdominal obesity

Marcus Vinícius Nascimento-Ferreira, Augusto César Ferreira De Moraes, Tara Rendo-Urteaga, Elsie Costa de Oliveira Forkert, Tatiana Sadalla Collese, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Victor M M Reis, Francisco Leonardo Torres-Leal, Luis A Moreno, Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: Gaining weight has been directly associated with an increased probability of developing high blood pressure (HBP) and metabolic abnormalities. We examined the independent and combined effects of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity on blood pressure in adolescents.

METHODS: This cross-sectional school-based study evaluated 869 adolescents (53.4% girls) from 14 to 19 years of age, and the data were collected in 2013 in the city of Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brazil. The outcome was HBP. The independent variables were overweight and obesity classified by body mass index, abdominal obesity classified by the waist-to-height ratio and the combination of obesity and overweight and abdominal obesity. The potential confounding variables were age, the socio-economic status of the family, parental education, type of school and physical activity levels.

RESULTS: The prevalence ratios of HBP were higher when male and female adolescents were overweight (1.61-3.11), generally obese (3.20-4.70), had abdominal obesity (2.18-3.02) and were both generally obese and had abdominal obesity (3.28-5.16) compared with normal weight adolescents.

CONCLUSION: Obesity or abdominal obesity increased the risk of HBP in adolescents aged 14-19. However, adolescents who were both generally obese and had abdominal obesity showed an even higher risk of having HBP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-496
Number of pages8
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume106
Issue number3
Early online date5 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cross-sectional, school-based study of 14-19 year olds showed that raised blood pressure was associated with obesity and abdominal obesity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this