Culturally and linguistically diverse registered nurses' experiences of integration into nursing workforce – A qualitative descriptive study

Suleiman Kamau, Miro Koskenranta, Terhi-Maija Isakov, Heli Kuivila, Ashlee Oikarainen, Marco Tomietto, Kristina Mikkonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
The nursing shortage is a global and ongoing phenomenon that is expected to worsen. In many countries, imbalances in the nursing workforce will require international recruitment and plans to increase domestic and international nursing graduates. Nurses from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds have been reported to experience challenges while integrating into the workforce.

Aim
To describe culturally and linguistically diverse registered nurses' experiences of their integration into the Finnish nursing workforce.

Methods
The study adopted a qualitative descriptive design. Data were collected during the spring of 2021 from 24 culturally and linguistically diverse registered nurses working in various healthcare settings in Finland. Data were analyzed using content analysis, which resulted in 596 open codes, 21 sub-categories, and 8 categories.

Results
According to the performed analysis, culturally and linguistically diverse nurses in Finland face cultural, ethnic and linguistic challenges. Organizational acceptance and acknowledgement of culturally and linguistically diverse nurses' competence can help decrease the practice of deskilling and the perception that foreign nurses have purely opportunistic goals. Cultural and language learning support, tailored orientation programs, and mentorship are the most common organizational strategies for supporting integration and competence development. The role of the nurse manager and organizational strategies were also identified as essential components of smooth integration, work wellbeing and retention.

Conclusions
Finnish healthcare organizations need to implement strategies that support culturally and linguistically diverse nurses' integration into the workforce. Nurse managers are important leaders that can foster culturally and linguistically diverse nurses' competence development, ensure the efficient use of their specialized skills, promote work wellbeing, and improve nurse retention.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105700
Number of pages7
JournalNurse Education Today
Volume121
Early online date23 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

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