Background Oxidative stress is implicated in the development of a range of neurological diseases. There is increasing interest in the neuroprotective efficacy of antioxidants in modulating such processes with at least one polyphenolic being tested as a prophylactic in Alzheimer's disease. Beneficial effects of adjunctive n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with combined intakes of vitamin C and E on both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia have been reported. Robust in vitro systems are desirable, enabling a mechanistic investigation of the molecular mechanisms underpinning such effects and identification of further potentially efficacious nutraceuticals. Materials and method A comparative study employing a human lymphoblastoid cell line derived from a subject with early onset schizophrenia, a neuroblastoma IMR-32 cell line and the histiocytic lymphoma U937 cell line was undertaken. The cytoprotective effects of two phenols in affording protection to cellular DNA from an oxidative challenge were assessed in untreated and fatty acid treated cell lines. Results and conclusion Marked differences in the uptake of fatty acids by the cell types were found and the IMR-32 cell line was most susceptible to the oxidant challenge. Hydroxytyrosol gave significant cytoprotection in all three-cell lines and this possible neuroprotective efficacy warrants further investigation, both in vitro and in vivo.
|Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
|Published - Jan 2008