Deep Neural Networks integrating genomics and histopathological images for predicting stages and survival time-to-event in colon cancer

Olalekan Ogundipe, Zeyneb Kurt*, Wai Lok Woo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Working paperPreprint

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Abstract

Motivation: There exist unexplained diverse variation within the predefined colon cancer stages using only features either from genomics or histopathological whole slide images as prognostic factors. Unraveling this variation will bring about improved in staging and treatment outcome, hence motivated by the advancement of Deep Neural Network (DNN) libraries and different structures and factorswithin some genomic dataset, we aggregate atypia patterns in histopathological images with diverse carcinogenic expression from mRNA, miRNA and DNA Methylation as an integrative input source into an ensemble deep neural network for colon cancer stages classification, and samples stratification into low or high risk survival groups.

Results: The results of our Ensemble Deep Convolutional Neural Network (EDCNN) model show an improved performance in stages classification on the integrated dataset. The fused input features return Area under curve – Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC-ROC) of 95.21% compared with AUC-ROC of 71.09% and 67.98% obtained when only genomics and images features are used for the stage’s classification, respectively. Also, the extracted features were used to split the patients into low or high-risk survival groups. Among the 2,548 fused features, 1,695 features showed a statistically significant survival probability differences between the two risk groups defined by the extracted features.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationIthaca, US
PublisherCornell University
Number of pages21
Publication statusSubmitted - 13 Dec 2022

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