Determining Controllability Level of Project Issues in Malaysian Landscape Architectural Projects

Adam Aruldewan S.Muthuveeran, Osman Mohd Tahir, Mohd Azren Hassan, Hidayati Ramli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The study aims to examine current project issues and the level of controllability in Malaysian landscape architecture projects. The data collection fieldwork was conducted via a semi-structured interview with twenty-four landscape architect professionals in the Klang Valley region. Content and thematic analysis were used to analyse the collected data. Found that project issues are controllable if the project can anticipate and treat them in advance. Nonetheless, issues continue to occur due to insufficient action taken in response to predicted issues affecting project outcomes. The study recommends developing a process for systematically forecasting, evaluating, and treating future issues.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental-Behaviour Proceedings Journal
Subtitle of host publicationABRA International Conference on Quality of Life
Place of PublicationUK
Publishere-International Publishing House UK
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2021

Publication series

NameEnvironment- Behaviour Proceedings Journal
ISSN (Electronic)2398-4287

Cite this