Developing a conceptual model for voluntary pro-environmental behavior of employees

Sameera Alzaidi, Shilpa Iyanna*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)


The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual model based on an integrative approach to better understand voluntary pro-environmental behavior of employees.

The paper reviews theoretical approaches and uses an integrative perspective to develop a model to try to understand voluntary pro-environmental behavior in the workplace.

The authors developed a conceptual model of voluntary pro-environmental behavior of employees with four main variables: attitude, perceived behavioral control, personal norms and perceived corporate social responsibility. The authors also suggest that habit may have a moderating effect, which has been neglected in previous studies.

Practical implications
Recognition of the importance of voluntary pro-environmental behavior of employees could enable organizations to develop more strategies and polices that strengthen their formal corporate social responsibility programs.

Social implications
Business owners and decision makers who are helping to promote voluntary behavior will contribute to institutions’ environmental performance, saving natural resources and promoting pro-environmental practices.

The proposed model will offer future studies a holistic understanding of the factors that predict voluntary pro-environmental behavior of employees and the extent to which this behavior depends on organizational motivators.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-452
Number of pages12
JournalSocial Responsibility Journal
Issue number2
Early online date4 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


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