Roger (1997) defined rehearsal as “the tendency to rehearse or ruminate on emotionally upsetting events” (p. 71). The Rehearsal Scale for Children–Chinese (RSC‐C) was developed from the original 14‐item Rehearsal Scale of the Emotion Control Questionnaire (Roger & Nesshoever, 1987) after translation and modification for Hong Kong Chinese preadolescents (aged 6–12 years). Confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling revealed that with 1 item deleted from the original scale, the RSC‐C possessed good internal validity and satisfactory test‐retest reliability within a 1‐year period. The new 13‐item RSC‐C also showed good external validity and internal reliability (α=.76). Convergent and discriminant validity was evidenced against the Emotional Problem and the Prosocial Behavior Subscales of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman, 1997), respectively. No gender differences in rehearsal scores were found. It was concluded that the 13‐item RSC‐C could be useful for measuring rehearsal in Chinese preadolescents. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 66: 1–10, 2010.