Development of arsenic doped Cd(Se,Te) absorbers by MOCVD for thin film solar cells

O. Oklobia*, G. Kartopu, S. Jones, P. Siderfin, B. Grew, H. K.H. Lee, W. C. Tsoi, Ali Abbas, J. M. Walls, D. L. McGott, M. O. Reese, S. J.C. Irvine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Recent developments in CdTe solar cell technology have included the incorporation of ternary alloy Cd(Se,Te) in the devices. CdTe absorber band gap grading due to Se alloying contributes to current density enhancement and can result in device performance improvement. Here we report Cd(Se,Te) polycrystalline thin films grown by a chamberless inline atmospheric pressure metal organic chemical vapour deposition technique, with subsequent incorporation in CdTe solar cells. The compositional dependence of the crystal structure and optical properties of Cd(Se,Te) are examined. Selenium graded Cd(Se,Te)/CdTe absorber structure in devices are demonstrated using either a single CdSe layer or CdSe/Cd(Se,Te) bilayer (with or without As doping in the Cd(Se,Te) layer). Cross-sectional TEM/EDS, photoluminescence spectra and secondary ion mass spectroscopy analysis confirmed the formation of a graded Se profile toward the back contact with a diffusion length of ~1.5 μm and revealed back-diffusion of Group V (As) dopants from the CdTe layer into Cd(Se,Te) grains. Due to the strong Se/Te interdiffusion, CdSe in the Se bilayer configuration was unable to form an n-type emitter layer in processed devices. In situ As doping of the Cd(Se,Te) layer benefited the device junction quality with current density reaching 28.3 mA/cm2. The results provide useful insights for the optimisation of Cd(Se,Te)/CdTe solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111325
Number of pages11
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume231
Early online date14 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Cite this