Differentiating acute from chronic insomnia with machine learning from actigraphy time series data

S. Rani, S. Shelyag, C. Karmakar, Ye Zhu, R. Fossion, J. G. Ellis, S. P. A. Drummond, M. Angelova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Acute and chronic insomnia have different causes and may require different treatments. They are investigated with multi-night nocturnal actigraphy data from two sleep studies. Two different wrist-worn actigraphy devices were used to measure physical activities. This required data pre-processing and transformations to smooth the differences between devices. Statistical, power spectrum, fractal and entropy analyses were used to derive features from the actigraphy data. Sleep parameters were also extracted from the signals. The features were then submitted to four machine learning algorithms. The best performing model was able to distinguish acute from chronic insomnia with an accuracy of 81%. The algorithms were then used to evaluate the acute and chronic groups compared to healthy sleepers. The differences between acute insomnia and healthy sleep were more prominent than between chronic insomnia and healthy sleep. This may be associated with the adaptation of the physiology to prolonged periods of disturbed sleep for individuals with chronic insomnia. The new model is a powerful addition to our suite of machine learning models aiming to pre-screen insomnia at home with wearable devices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1036832
Number of pages15
JournalFrontiers in Network Physiology
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2022

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