Direct Selective Extraction of Actinides (III) from PUREX Raffinate using a Mixture of CyMe4BTBP and TODGA as 1-cycle SANEX Solvent Part III: Demonstration of a Laboratory-Scale Counter-Current Centrifugal Contactor Process

Andreas Wilden, Giuseppe Modolo, Christian Schreinemachers, Fabian Sadowski, Steve Lange, Michal Sypula, Daniel Magnusson, Andreas Geist, Frank Lewis, Laurence Harwood, Michael Hudson

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56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The direct selective separation of the trivalent actinides americium and curium from a simulated PUREX raffinate solution by a continuous counter-current solvent extraction process using miniature annular centrifugal contactors was demonstrated on a laboratory scale. In a 32-stage spiked test (12 stages for extraction, 16 stages for scrubbing, and 4 stages for Am/Cm stripping), an extractant mixture of CyMe4BTBP and TODGA in a TPH/1-octanol mixture was used. The co-extraction of some fission and corrosion product elements, such as zirconium and molybdenum, was prevented by using oxalic acid. Co-extracted palladium was selectively stripped using an L-cysteine scrubbing solution and the trivalent actinides were selectively stripped using a glycolic acid-based stripping solution. It was demonstrated that a selective extraction and high recovery of >99.4% of the trivalent minor actinides was achieved with low contamination by fission and corrosion products. The product contained 99.8% of the initial americium and 99.4% of the initial curium content. The spent solvent still contained high concentrations of Cu, Cd and Ni. The experimental steady-state concentration profiles of important solutes were determined and compared with those from computer-code calculations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-537
JournalSolvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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