Discrimination in inmates classification: Corrolate to disorder within correctional centres in Nigeria

Jide Joseph Olorunmola, Ogadimma Arisukwu, Eyitayo Joseph Oyeyipo*, Festus Femi Asamu, Timilehin Lanre Aremu, Bolanle Adeyinka Adeyemo

*Corresponding author for this work

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Inequality precedes injustice, as seen in the class difference evident in Nigerian Correctional Centres due to the classification of inmates into high profile and ordinary profile. Therefore, this study examines the dual classification of inmates and its effects on order within correctional centres. Karl Marx’s theory of social conflict was adopted in explaining the differences in economic status and power among the inmates. The study adopts a phenomenological research design. Qualitative methods of data collection and analysis were used in this study. The study population was purposely selected to elicit responses to the research questions. 30 participants of different classifications relevant to the study were purposely selected and interviewed. Content analysis forms the basic method of data analysis as responses were quoted verbatim. Findings show that preferential treatment of highprofile inmates made ordinary inmates feel inferior, rebellious, and frustrated which led to riots or protests. Findings also show that highprofile inmates often break rules, instigate inmates against officers and often look down on officers based on their connection. The study concluded that the incarceration of highprofile inmates sends a message to the public that nobody is above the law and promotes conformity. Still, the special treatment of highprofile inmates says otherwise. It is recommended that no preferential treatment should be given to high-profile inmates to reduce protests and agitations by ordinary-profile inmates. The Government should ensure adequate welfare is provided for every inmate to reduce the show of class in the centres.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2184902
JournalCogent Social Sciences
Issue number1
Early online date2 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

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