Does triple helix collaboration matter for the early internationalisation of technology-based firms in emerging Economies?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


External departments

  • Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción
  • Universidad del Desarrollo
  • Instituto Tecnologico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey


Original languageEnglish
Article number120439
Number of pages12
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Early online date11 Nov 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Nov 2020
Publication type

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Firms' early internationalisation (EI) is a complex process derived from uncertain market conditions, entrepreneurial vision, and strategic entry decisions. Academic debates still require deepening and broadening the discussion on early internationalisation of new technology-based firms (NTBFs). This study proposes a framework to analyse how NTBFs are adopting collaborative networks with the triple helix actors (government, university, and industry) to implement an EI strategy in emerging economies. Our findings show that the lack of specialised knowledge and resources stimulates collaboration with multiple triple helix agents to ensure the early entry strategy into international markets. We state the relevant implications and propositions concerning the internationalisation of NTBFs and the relationship with triple helix stakeholders.