In this paper, a dual hollow-core negative curvature fiber is proposed for the polarization beam splitter. The effects of the structure parameters of the dual hollow-core negative curvature fiber on the coupling length and coupling length ratio of the x -polarized and y -polarized core modes and the higher-order mode extinction ratio are analyzed by the finite element method. Moreover, the normalized output powers of the x -polarized and y -polarized modes in the cores A and B and the corresponding extinction ratio are also investigated by the mode coupling theory. The simulation results show that a dual hollow-core negative curvature fiber polarization beam splitter with the length of 6.45 cm can achieve a broad bandwidth of 400 nm (1.23–1.63 µm), covering the O + E + S + C + L communication band. In addition, the higher-order mode extinction ratio is greater than 100 in the considered wavelength range, which means that it has good single-mode characteristics. It is believed that the proposed dual hollow-core negative curvature fiber polarization beam splitter will have significant applications in the optical communication system.