Dynamic analysis of Hybrid III 3-year-old child dummy in frontal collisions

Ahmed Elmarakbi*, Vid Krznaric, Khaled Sennah, William Altenhof, Michael Chapman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper focuses on minimising child injuries experienced during frontal vehicle-to-pole collisions by improving on the safety and energy absorption of existing traffic pole structures. A Finite Element (FE) computer model, using LS-DYNA software, is used to simulate crash events to determine the influence of pole structural and material characteristics on the injury parameters of a 3-year-old child dummy occupant. It is concluded that the anchored base support and the embedded pole in soil systems provide desirable crashworthy results. In addition, it is recommended to mandate traffic protection devices in all areas with poor energy-absorbing characteristics that resemble non-deformable objects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-270
Number of pages39
JournalInternational Journal of Vehicle Safety
Issue number3
Early online date7 Oct 2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


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