The relationship between a jurisdiction’s legal system and its economy is inherently complex and dynamic, one which has been examined and understood in a variety of ways. Motivating questions have included to what extent do legal regimes affect business opportunities? Is economic performance prescribed by legal regimes? How have lawyers, judges and politicians reacted to business behaviour and the changing fibre of economic relations? In discussing these and related questions in her chapter in the Oxford Handbook on Legal History (207–220), Anne Fleming examines scholarship in legal history that might also be considered economic history.