Effect of a guide field on the turbulence like properties of magnetic reconnection

S. Adhikari*, M. A. Shay, T. N. Parashar, W. H. Matthaeus, P. S. Pyakurel, J. E. Stawarz, J. P. Eastwood

*Corresponding author for this work

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The effect of an external guide field on the turbulence-like properties of magnetic reconnection is studied using five different 2.5D kinetic particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. The magnetic energy spectrum is found to exhibit a slope of approximately −5/3 in the inertial range, independent of the guide field. On the contrary, the electric field spectrum in the inertial range steepens more with the guide field and approaches a slope of −5/. In addition, spectral analysis of the different terms of the generalized Ohm's law is performed and found to be consistent with PIC simulations of turbulence and MMS observations. Finally, the guide field effect on the energy transfer behavior is examined using the von Kármán–Howarth (vKH) equation based on incompressible Hall-MHD. The general characteristics of the vKH equation with constant rate of energy transfer in the inertial range are consistent in all the simulations. This suggests that the qualitative behavior of energy spectrum and energy transfer in reconnection are similar to that of turbulence, indicating that reconnection fundamentally involves an energy cascade.
Original languageEnglish
Article number082904
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

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