Effect of polypropylene fibres on the workability parameters of extrudable cementitious materials

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3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) has aa potentiality to produce complex, geometries and can modify the details rapidly using a printer integrated with a pump and nozzle. From the earlier studies on 3DCP, it is distinguished that the rheological behaviour of the material, printing direction, and printing time may have significant effects on the overall structural behaviour of the printed structure. The layered concrete may create weak joints in the specimens and reduce the load bearing capacity in terms of compressive, tensile and flexural strength that requires stress transfer across or along these joints The present study focuses on the examination of the effect of adding polypropylene (PP) fibres on the failure behaviour of print mortar on printed concrete, on different print directions. The Silica Fume (SF) based control mix was used in the analysis with fibre addition in different mass fraction of binder ranging from 0.5% to 3.0%. Those mixes were designated after the detailed fresh property analysis and control cementitious specimens without fibre inclusion were also printed for comparison. The specimens were collected in different orientations from manual extruded concrete blocks and tested for mechanical properties. For the materials tested, it is found that the mechanical properties such as compressive and flexural strength of extruded samples are governed by its printing directions. The mixes with 1.0% and 0.5% PP fibre addition exhibit the better performance in terms of flexural strength and 0.5% PP mix can be considered as the optimum fibre content with respect to the compressive strength.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSecond RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication
Subtitle of host publicationDigital Concrete 2020
EditorsFreek P. Bos, Sandra S. Lucas, Rob J.M. Wolfs, Theo A.M. Salet
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783030499167
ISBN (Print)9783030499167, 9783030499150
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventDigital Concrete 2020: 2nd RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication - Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 6 Jul 20209 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameRILEM Bookseries
ISSN (Print)2211-0844
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0852


ConferenceDigital Concrete 2020
Internet address


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