Effects of acute consumption of fruit and vegetable puree-based drinks on vasodilation and oxidative status

Trevor George, Saran Waroonphan, Chutamat Niwat, Mchael Gordon, Julie Lovegrove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Epidemiological studies indicate that diets rich in fruits and vegetables (F&V) are protective against cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Pureed \&V products retain many beneficial components, including flavonoids, carotenoids, vitamin C and dietary fibres. This study aimed to establish the physiological effects of acute ingestion of F&V puree-based drink (FVPD) on vasodilation, antioxidant status, phytochemical bioavailability and other CVD risk factors. 24 Subjects, aged 30-70 years, completed the randomised, single-blind, controlled, crossover test meal study. Subjects consumed 400 ml FVPD, or fruit-flavoured sugar-matched control, after following a low-flavonoid diet for 5 days. Blood and urine samples were collected throughout the study day and vascular reactivity was assessed at 90-minute intervals using laser Doppler iontophoresis (LDI). FVPD significantly increased plasma vitamin C (P=0.002) and total nitrate/nitrite (P=0.001) concentrations. There was a near significant time by treatment effect on ex vivo LDL oxidation (P=0.068), with a longer lag phase after consuming FVPD. During the 6 hours after juice consumption the antioxidant capacity of plasma increased significantly (P=0.003) and there was a simultaneous increase in plasma and urinary phenolic metabolites (P=0.05). There were significantly lower glucose and insulin peaks after ingestion of FVPD compared with control (P=0.019 and P=0.003) and a trend towards increased endothelium-dependent vasodilation following FVPD consumption (P=0.061). Overall, FVPD consumption significantly increased plasma vitamin C and total nitrate/nitrite concentrations, with a trend towards increased endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Pureed F&V products are useful vehicles for increasing micronutrient status, plasma antioxidant capacity and in vivo NO generation, which may contribute to CVD risk reduction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1442-1452
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume109
Issue number8
Early online date28 Sep 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of acute consumption of fruit and vegetable puree-based drinks on vasodilation and oxidative status'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this