Effects of caffeine on neuromuscular fatigue and performance during high-intensity cycling exercise in moderate hypoxia

Bruno P C Smirmaul, Antonio Carlos de Moraes, Luca Angius, Samuele M Marcora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of caffeine on performance, neuromuscular fatigue and perception of effort during high-intensity cycling exercise in moderate hypoxia.

METHODS: Seven adult male participants firstly underwent an incremental exercise test on a cycle ergometer in conditions of acute normobaric hypoxia (fraction inspired oxygen = 0.15) to establish peak power output (PPO). In the following two visits, they performed a time to exhaustion test (78 ± 3% PPO) in the same hypoxic conditions after caffeine ingestion (4 mg kg-1) and one after placebo ingestion in a double-blind, randomized, counterbalanced cross-over design.

RESULTS: Caffeine significantly improved time to exhaustion by 12%. A significant decrease in subjective fatigue was found after caffeine consumption. Perception of effort and surface electromyographic signal amplitude of the vastus lateralis were lower and heart rate was higher in the caffeine condition when compared to placebo. However, caffeine did not reduce the peripheral and central fatigue induced by high-intensity cycling exercise in moderate hypoxia.

CONCLUSION: The caffeine-induced improvement in time to exhaustion during high-intensity cycling exercise in moderate hypoxia seems to be mediated by a reduction in perception of effort, which occurs despite no reduction in neuromuscular fatigue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-38
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume117
Issue number1
Early online date18 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

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