An investigation is carried out into the connection between the various characteristics of the velocity field and the burning rate in a spark-ignition engine. The experiments are performed on the Leeds University Ported Optical Engine with a large skip-firing ratio; the engine allows a full optical access to the combustion chamber. Velocity fields are obtained using a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and a systematic distinct averaging is performed with an account of the cyclic variability of the burning rate, that is the properties of the turbulent velocity fields are derived separately for the fast, middle and slow cycles using the peak pressure as a proxy measure for the burning rate. Even though the velocity fields are nearly homogeneous in the mean, they reveal very significant intermittency where the regions of intense fluctuations have an extent more than half the clearance height. It is shown that the variations of the burning rate are correlated with the fluctuations in root-mean-square fields of the velocity magnitude, vorticity and shear strain rate. Faster combustion is induced by the fields with larger root-mean-square values. No discernible correlation of the burning rate with the average vorticity or shear strain fields has been detected. The integral scales of the large-scale motion derived from the PIV do not show any systematic variation between fast and slow cycles.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science|
|Early online date||27 Apr 2012|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2012|