Effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions on physical activity outcomes in COPD: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Dimitrios Megaritis*, Emily Hume, Nikolaos Chynkiamis, Christopher Buckley, Ashley Marie Polhemus, Henrik Watz, Thierry Troosters, Ioannis Vogiatzis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

RATIONALE: The effect of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions on physical activity (PA) outcomes is not fully elucidated in patients with COPD. The objectives of the present study were to provide estimation of treatment effects of all available interventions on PA outcomes in patients with COPD and to provide recommendations regarding the future role of PA outcomes in pharmacological trials.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review was conducted according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and reported in line with PRISMA. Records were identified through searches of 12 scientific databases; the most updated search was performed in January 2023.

RESULTS: 74 studies published from 2000 to 2021 were included, with a total of 8140 COPD patients. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s % predicted ranged between 31% and 74%, with a mean of 55%. Steps/day constituted the most frequently assessed PA outcome in interventional studies. Compared to usual care, PA behavioural modification interventions resulted in improvements in the mean (95% CI) steps/day when implemented alone (by 1035 (576-1493); p<0.00001) or alongside exercise training (by 679 (93-1266); p=0.02). Moreover, bronchodilator therapy yielded a favourable difference of 396 (125-668; p=0.004) steps/day, compared to placebo.

CONCLUSIONS: PA behavioural modification and pharmacological interventions lead to significant improvements in steps/day, compared to control and placebo groups, respectively. Compared to bronchodilator therapy, PA behavioural modification interventions were associated with a 2-fold greater improvement in steps/day. Large-scale pharmacological studies are needed to establish an intervention-specific minimal clinically important difference for PA outcomes as well as their convergent validity to accelerate qualification as potential biomarkers and efficacy end-points for regulatory approval.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00409-2023
Number of pages11
JournalERJ Open Research
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2023

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