Efficiently removing four cationic dyes from aqueous solution by magnetite@polypyrrole@2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid microspheres

Chuanjin Wang, Baoquan Liang, Hong Gao, Tianhang Yang, Tingxi Li, Yong Ma*, Hala M. Abo-Dief, Gourisankar Roymahapatra, Jing Zhang, Khamael M. Abualnaja, Zeinhom M. El-Bahy, Zhanhu Guo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Water pollution caused by various cationic dyes is becoming more and more serious. A combination of magnetic materials, conductive polymers, and some strong adsorption groups is expected to solve this challenge. Herein, magnetite (Fe3O4)@polypyrrole@2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid (Fe3O4@PPy@AMPS) is fabricated as adsorbent for removing methylene blue (MB), rhodamine B (RhB), malachite green (MG), and crystalline violet (CV) from aqueous solution. The investigation of the factors including adsorbent type, adsorbent concentration, time, and temperature demonstrates that Fe3O4@PPy@AMPS has superior properties to adsorb the four cationic dyes. The maximum adsorption capacity of these dyes is separately 183.486, 215.054, 144.718 and 194.175mg/g. Notably, although it goes through five cycles, the composite maintains a remarkable dye removal efficiency exceeding 95%. Kinetic analysis reveals that the adsorption process conforms more closely to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption isotherm conforms to the Langmuir model, signifying monolayer adsorption of the dyes. Thermodynamic parameters also indicate that the adsorption process is endothermic and spontaneous. Furthermore, density functional theory (DFT) simulations affirm the molecular interactions between Fe3O4@PPy@AMPS and four dyes, elucidating the adsorption mechanism. The high efficiency and recyclable nature of the Fe3O4@PPy@AMPS composite underscores its significance in addressing dye wastewater pollution remediation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number134659
Number of pages17
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Early online date1 Jul 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jul 2024

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