Electric field enhanced adsorption and diffusion of adatoms in MoS2 monolayer

Wenwu Shi, Zhiguo Wang, Zhijie Li, Yong Qing Fu

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Abstract

A new phenomenon, electric field enhanced adsorption and diffusion of lithium, magnesium and aluminum ions in a MoS2 monolayer, was investigated using density functional theory in this study. With the electric field increased from 0 to 0.8 V/Å, the adsorption energies of the Li, Mg and Al atoms in the MoS2 monolayer were decreased from −2.01 to −2.49 eV, from −0.80 to −1.28 eV, and −2.71 to −3.01 eV, respectively. The corresponding diffusion barriers were simultaneously decreased from 0.23 to 0.08 eV, from 0.15 to 0.10 eV, and 0.24 to 0.21 eV for the Li, Mg and Al ions, respectively. We concluded that the external electric field can increase the charging speed of rechargeable ion batteries based on the MoS2 anode materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-397
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume183
Early online date22 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

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