Electrochemical Performance of Sandwich-Like Porous Co3O4 Nanostructures on Nickel Foam

Bo Sun, Hui Zhang, Wenge Chen*, Ahmed Elmarakbi, Yong Qing Fu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Co3O4 is a good anode candidate for high-performance lithium ion batteries (LIBs), attributed to its high specific capacity. However, due to its poor conductivity and significant volume expansion during electrochemical reactions, electrochemical performance of Co3O4 electrode is quite poor for practical applications. Co3O4 electrodes with various micro-/nanostructures have been designed and synthesized but their performances are still unsatisfied. In this study, we propose and develop a novel sandwich type of Co3O4 nanostructures by adjusting the ratio of ammonium fluoride and urea during hydrothermal reactions. When this sandwich-like Co3O4 composite electrode was used as the electrode for LIBs, it retained an outstanding reversible capacity of 857 mAh g−1 after 70 cycles at a current density of 500 mA g−1. When the current density was increased to 1000 mA g−1, the reversible capacity was kept at 865 mAh g−1 with insignificant changes of its capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100530
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume169
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022

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